home - FAQ

1. Why choose hardwaxoil?

Choosing hardwaxoil is choosing for a natural protection of your wooden floors. A traditional varnish will form a layer which seals the parquet floor. Oil on the contrary will penetrate the wood, ensuring optimum protection of your parquet floor.

The result is a natural matt look which is easy to maintain and repair with our easy-to-use systems.

2. How many layers of hardwaxoil to apply?

Ciranova offers two types of oil systems.
The first system is the double layer system using regular Hardwaxoil or Hardwaxoil Magic. After sanding the wood using 100-120 grit sandpaper, the first layer of oil is applied. Apply and rub the oil into the wood. Leave to dry for min. 6-8 hours (as needed), and apply second layer of hardwaxoil.

The second system, the hardwaxoil Full Solid, is a single layer system with high solid particle content. Apply and rub the oil into the wood using a polishing machine. Leave to dry approx. 24 hours.

3. How to maintain my oil-treated parquet?

An oil-treated parquet floor is easy to maintain using Ciranova maintenance series.

Depending on the degree of dirt, carry out weekly or monthly maintenance using Ciranova Flooring Soap. Mix a dose of Flooring Soap in a bucket of lukewarm water. Clean the wooden floor using a dampened, thoroughly wrung out mop. Flooring Soap cleans and nourishes the parquet.

For yearly maintenance of oil-treated parquet floors, use Ciranova Maintenance Oil. This universal maintenance oil provides an optimum floor protection.

4. How to maintain my varnished parquet floor?

When varnishing a floor, we recommend leaving the varnish to harden thoroughly and then applying Hard Floor Polish. For a matt finish, use Hard Floor Polish Matt.

The polish offers an additional protection layer against dirt and damage. To remove persistent dirt and old layers of polish, use our Hard Floor Cleaner.
For regular maintenance, use Hard Floor Fresh.

5. Should the wood be sanded before applying finishing product?

To optimize the penetration of our products, we recommend sanding the floor first. When using Hardwaxoil, use 100-120 grit sanding paper.
When using stains or varnish, sand the floor first using 100-120 grit sanding paper.

When using Ciranova Stains, the wood fibres will lift after the stain is applied. Leave the stain to dry, and buff the floor using a scotch brite cleaning pad or a polishing pad. After buffing, thoroughly remove all dust. It is not advisable to sand on colour.

6. Why are oil-treated floors sometimes sticky?

Oil should penetrate the floor, not stay on the surface - oil is not a lacquer. An oil-treated floor can produce a sticky feel when the oil has been applied unevenly, or when too much oil has been applied. Always remove excessive oil.

If the floor has been thoroughly rubbed dry as per CIRANOVA instructions, the floor should not be sticky!

7. Can used rags and pads spontaneously combust?


Rags and pads used for applying oil should be handled with care. Oils dry oxidatively, i.e. they dry through a reaction with the oxygen in the air. This produces heat that needs to be expelled. If the heat can't escape, it builds up and may lead to spontaneous combustion.

To avoid this, simply immerse the used rags and pads in water, or store them in a closed recipient.

8. Is it possible to varnish waxed floors?


Parquet wax does not offer good adherence. Remove parquet wax thoroughly using Ciranova Wax Remover. After removing all wax and sanding the wood, apply a new layer of varnish.

9. Is it possible to oil waxed floors?


Parquet wax does not offer good adherence. Remove parquet wax thoroughly using Ciranova Wax Remover. After removing all wax and sanding the wood, apply a new layer of oil.

10. Is it possible to oil varnished floors?


Varnish covers the floor with a sealed film that needs to be removed first. To do this, sand the floor clean. When all varnish is removed, apply the oil.

11. Can reactive stain be applied on all types of wood?

Reactive stain is a product for ageing wood that contains tannin. Tannin woods are for example European oaks and pinewoods.

12. What are VOCs?

VOC = Volatile Organic Compounds

A generic term for all volatile or fast evaporating substances e.g.: solvents, natural gas propellants, etc. Volatile organic compounds as well as other substances in varnish and lacquers are harmful to the ozone and the environment.

Debal Coatings has a long tradition in investing in R&D to find alternatives for the traditional solvent-based lacquers and oils. In recent years, our lab capacity has even doubled. For solvent-based lacquers there is already a water-based alternative. See our full Aquafix and Ecofix series.

13. What is the difference between parquet wax and quality wax?

Parquet wax contains silicone resin that improves impermeability. It also has anti-slip properties. Quality wax is only applied on furniture.

14. The floor is not dry after the specified drying time. Why?

This may have various causes. The most common causes are insufficient ventilation and excessive humidity in the air. Please also ensure not to apply too much product.

15. The finished floor differs from the sample colour. Why?

The final colour strongly depends on the preparation of the wood (grit used, brushed or not, etc.), and the application method (mechanical or manual).

Before starting the work, it is recommended to apply a sample on the wood to be used.

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